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Uploading Your Podcast to a Web Host with FTP

If you’re using Globat, Powweb or another web hosting service then you will use FTP to upload your file.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a method for transferring files to the web. The easiest way to FTP a file is to use a program such as SmartFTP that makes it pretty much as easy as dragging and dropping files between folders on your desktop.

To FTP files to your web site, you will need to find out four things from your web host:

FTP Address: This is the address that you type into your FTP program to tell it where to connect and transfer the files to. It will probably be something like ftp.yourwebsite.com.

FTP Username: To FTP you’ll need a username and password to login and access the FTP address for your site.

FTP Password: The password that goes with the username to login for FTP access to your site.

Home Directory: This is the directory where your web site is stored. When you log in using the address, username and password, you’ll probably see a few different directories. One of them contains files and more directories for your web site.

Unfortunately different hosts name the home directory different things. The directory you need will probably be called htdocs,httpdocs, html, public_html, or www. You can ask your web host tech support for this information or look for the directory that contains a file called index.html. That is file for your homepage.

When you signed up for your web hosting account, you probably received these four pieces of information in a welcome e-mail. If not, contact your host’s web tech support and ask them for the FTP information that you need.

When you connect to your web site and browse into the home directory of your site, I suggest creating a folder for storing the podcast files in. This will keep your web site files organized. On my sites I created a folder called mp3s inside the httpdocs folder. The mp3s folder is where I store my podcast files. So the web address to GothamCast episode one is:

http://www.gothamcast.com/mp3s/GothamCast001.mp3

Here’s a screen capture of SmartFTP that illustrates how I use it.

smartftp_diagram

SmartFTP provides tutorials here. The Getting Started and
Upload – Direct
tutorials will help you in uploading podcasts to your web site using SmartFTP.

Here are a few definitions that will also be useful.

Local Host: This is your personal that you are uploading from.

Local Directory/Path: This is the directory on your personal computer where the file to be uploaded is located.

Remote Host: This is the computer or web server where you are uploading your file to.

Remote Directory/Path: This is the directory on the remote host/computer where you are uploading the file to.

Binary vs. ASCII: These are two different modes for transferring files with FTP. You have to specify if you are transferring a text file (ASCII mode) or another program file (binary mode). You want to transfer MP3s in binary mode or the file will get messed up in the transfer. Fortunately SmartFTP can usually detect automatically which mode to use.